UD Carbon Spokes and Triaxially Braided Carbon Spokes: compared.

The difference between unidirectional (UD) carbon spokes and triaxially braided carbon spokes is in their construction and the way the carbon fibers are arranged.

Carbon fiber spokes are crucial components in modern high-performance wheels, offering remarkable strength and lightness. There are two main designs out there for composite spokes; triaxially braided carbon spokes, and unidirectional carbon spokes, which showcase unique characteristics that impact their performance and applications. This article will discuss the differences and similarities between these two advanced spoke designs.

Triaxially Braided Carbon Spokes.

Triaxially braided carbon spokes involve multiple layers of carbon fibers interlaced in three directions: axial, radial, and tangential. This intricate weaving pattern offers a unique blend of strength and flexibility. This braiding technique creates a dense and continuous structure that provides strength in multiple directions.

Strength and Flexibility: Triaxially braided spokes distribute forces across multiple directions, providing enhanced impact resistance and excellent ride quality by absorbing road vibrations.

Durability and Impact Resistance: The weaving pattern of triaxially braided spokes contributes to improved durability and resistance to impacts, making them suitable for demanding terrains, off-road and on-road cycling.

Customization: Spokes can be tailored to different performance demands, allowing for optimization in various areas of strength, flexibility, and compliance.

Versatility: Triaxially braided spokes are versatile and can cater to a broader range of riding styles and terrains, making them suitable for a broad audience ranging from beginner to high-performance riders.

Key Drawbacks: Higher manufacturing and design complexities lead to higher consumer prices.

Unidirectional, also called UD Carbon Spokes.

In unidirectional(UD) carbon spokes, carbon fibers align in a single direction. These spokes have high tensile strength along the axis of the fiber, making them excellent at handling tension loads. They are typically thin and flat in shape, resembling ribbons or strips.

unidirectional carbon composite spoke

Strength and Stiffness: Unidirectional carbon spokes excel in transmitting torque and resisting lateral forces due to their high stiffness along a single axis.

Weight Efficiency: By focusing carbon fibers in one direction, unidirectional spokes achieve high strength-to-weight ratios. The UD spoke is marginally lighter than the triaxial braided spoke, which can contribute to a slightly reduced wheel weight.

Lower Price: The UD carbon spokes are typically offered at a lower price point due to the reduced complexity of manufacturing/design.

Key Drawbacks: These spokes are suitable for riders willing to sacrifice comfort, ride feel, and impact resistance.

Choosing Between the Two:

Looking for the ultimate high-performance spoke, flexible and compliant with excellent ride quality, enhanced impact resistance, and greater versatility across different terrains can be a very exhausting search. Consider your typical riding conditions and riding style when making your decision. Are road/trail vibrations something you want to reduce to increase comfort? Does impact resistance matter for you when bombing down your favorite trail? In our research and development, the triaxially braided carbon spoke brings all the qualities of the UD spoke and adds impact resistance and compliance.

If your priority is mainly price and you aren’t worried about impact resistance, ride quality, and reduced vibrations, unidirectional carbon spokes are a good option.

In the end, it’s about finding the right balance between strength, weight, ride quality, and price that align with your cycling objectives. It’s a good idea to consult with experts or conduct test rides to determine which spoke design suits their needs best. We do offer local test rides and a 30-day money-back guarantee with our triaxial braided Gulo G-Spokes, made locally in Brevard, NC.